The high tourism potentials have placed Iran in the top ten countries in the world. Being ranked fifth based on diversity of natural, climatic attractions, and being ranked among the top ten in terms of having historical and cultural attractions, have made this ancient country an essential part of global travel and tourism. In Iran, tourism is diversified by providing a range of activities from hiking, skiing, scuba diving, swimming, and desert trekking. Tours in Iran can start from Alborz or the Zagros Mountains and end with beach holidays by the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. However, the main reason why tourists visit Iran is its glorious cultural and historical places such as Persepolis, Naghsh-e Rostam and Naghsh-e Jahan Square. Iran also allocated twenty-four registered World Heritage sites in UNESCO.
Iran is between the Caspian Sea in the north and the Persian Gulf in the south. The country was formerly known as Persia. Iran neighbors Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and Turkmenistan.
The country also shares maritime borders with Kazakhistan and Russia (in the Caspian Sea) and Bahrain Kuwait and the United Arabian Emirates in the Persian Gulf.
With an area of 1,648,195 km², Iran is almost three times the size of France or slightly smaller than Alaska.
Most of the country situated on the Iranian Plateau (a geological formation in Western and Central Asia), except the coastal regions at the Caspian Sea and the Khuzestan Province in the southwest at the Persian Gulf. The Zagros Mountains in west form the most extensive mountain range in Iran, Iraq and southeastern Turkey. In the north is the Elburz or Alborz mountain range that stretches from the border of Azerbaijan along the western and entire southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Mount Damavand at 5,610 m (18,410 ft) , Iran's highest mountain, is located in the Elburz mountain range.
The country has a population of 79 million people (in 2017). The largest city and the capital is Tehran. Other major cities are Mashhad, Isfahan, Karaj, Tabriz, Shiraz, Ahvaz, and Qom. Spoken languages are Persian (Farsi, official), Kurdish, Azeri, Arabic, Baluchi.
The high tourism potentials have placed Iran at the top 10 countries in the world undoubtedly. Being ranked 5th based on diversity of natural, climatic attractions and standing at the top 10 in terms of having historical and cultural attractions, has made this ancient country an essential part of global travel and tourism. Iran allocated 24 registered World Heritage sites in UNESCO and this vast treasury added by beautiful nature.
It was the capital of the first Persian Empire and the birthplace of Persian civilization. You haven’t seen Iran unless you’ve walked in the footsteps of the ancient kings. So, it is one of the most essential heritages in the middle east.
Qeshm offers pure nature and a world full of mystery; nonetheless, if there’s one attraction not to miss, it’s the Valley of the Stars. Marl and sandstone make up the other-worldly rock formations, and with a little imagination, you can see animals, faces, and hands, among other things.
The first Iranian site registered with UNESCO, Chogha Zanbil, is a 13th-century BC ziggurat in the Khuzestan province. Baked bricks with cuneiform inscriptions layered in the structure, and a centuries-old footprint of a child in the stone roped off towards the back.
Walking inside Nasir al- Molk is like walking inside a kaleidoscope. Nicknamed “the Pink Mosque” for its rosy-hued tiles, you’ll love discovering the hidden corners of arguably Iran’s most beautiful mosque.
Once a royal polo field, Naqsh-e Jahan Square in Esfahan holds Ali Qapu Palace, Imam Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, and the Imperial Bazaar. You’ll need the better portion of a day to see it all correctly. They are called ‘’Esfahan is half of the world’’, mostly because of this Square.
The accomplishment of engineering, Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, an ancient irrigation system from the 5th century B.C., is sure to leave you awe-struck. Climb the hill to marvel at the view from above before exploring the details of the mechanism and the many bird species living here.
Whether it’s Si-o-Seh Pol, Khaju, or one of the other nine bridges, a romantic walk along with the marvelous architecture of Esfahan’s bridges on the Zayandeh River is a must. Persian poetry often recited in these locales echo through the arched chambers and will seem like Scheherazade’s 1001 nights.
If you’re going to visit one Persian poet, it must be Hafez. Turn around the garden and tomb in the evening as tourists and locals come to pay their respects and recite a few lines of his poems. You can even have your fortune read to see what the great poet predicts.
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